A Seventh-day Adventist Organization

Advanced General Dentistry Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology


Program Director
Larry D. Trapp, DDS, MS
Larry D. Trapp, DDS, MS
Associate Professor of Dental Anesthesiology

Associate Program Director

Dezireh Sevanesian, DDS
Assistant Professor of Dental Anesthesiology

For a list of other Faculty for the Advanced General Dentistry Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology, click here.

General Information

Accreditation status: "Approval without reporting requirements"
Length of program: 36 months in residence
Number of applicants accepted each year: Up to Six (6)
Applications accepted as of: January 1st each year
Application deadline: September 15, 2016
Program start date: July 1, 2017

Application Method

Loma Linda University application: An LLU online application is mandatory
PASS application: A PASS application is available, not mandatory
Match application: A Match application is mandatory

Contact Information

Program phone number: (909) 558-4611
Fax number: (909) 558-0106
E-mail: ldesia@llu.edu


Operating Rooms in the KSCDC
Operating rooms in the Koppel Special Care Dentistry Center.

Operating Rooms in the KSCDC
Operating rooms in the Koppel Special Care Dentistry Center.

Program Description

The Advanced General Dentistry Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology is a two-year residency leading to the award of a certificate. The curriculum of this program is designed to provide residents with a strong clinical background in anesthesiology.

Aside from off-service rotations in cardiology, internal medicine, and anesthesiology at Loma Linda University Medical Center and local area hospitals, all training is conducted in the Koppel Special Care Dentistry Center located on the first floor in the School of Dentistry. The Koppel Center is a very active treatment facility that manages a flow of nearly 5,000 patients each year.

Didactic instruction is coordinated through the Department of Dental Anesthesiology. Residents attend a month-long series of daily presentations in July and weekly grand rounds at Loma Linda University Medical Center. In addition, regular meetings of the dental anesthesiology residents are held in which a variety of contemporary topics are discussed including a review of the current literature.

Upon successful completion of the certificate program, the dentist anesthesiologist will be eligible to take the diplomate examination of the American Dental Board of Anesthesiology and to apply for a general anesthesia permit in any state of the United States.

The goals and objectives of the Advanced General Dentistry Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology are:

Goal 1

To provide anesthesia-related skills and knowledge to the dental anesthesia resident that is the basis for a safe and responsible practice of office-based or hospital-based dental anesthesiology after completion of the training program.

Goal 2 To provide an in-depth education in acute pain and anxiety as it pertains to dental treatment and an understanding of the application of the pharmacologic and behavioral treatments of these conditions.
Goal 3 To provide a background in the health sciences and clinical medicine to allow a dentist anesthesiologist to recognize and appropriately refer the patient who is at elevated risk for anesthesia due to co-morbidities.
Goal 4 To develop desirable character values and attributes in residents that include professionalism, respect for others, responsibility, compassion, integrity, ethical behavior and instill the importance of a commitment to life-long learning.

Two Master's Degree Tracks Available

Loma Linda University School of Dentistry offers two master's degree tracks for graduate students/residents enrolled in the advanced education certificate programs.

Master of Science in Dentistry (MSD) degree track

The MSD degree track is intended to provide individuals with an advanced degree widely recognized as having completed a dental specialty program. Applicants must be recommended for admission to this degree track by their program director and subsequently approved for admission by the Assistant Dean for Advanced Education. The MSD degree is awarded upon successful completion of the certificate program, completion of an approved graduate research project, and submission of a report of that research project in the form of a publishable paper in the format of a journal selected by the candidate and approved by the program director. Candidates must also hold a public presentation of their research in a format similar to a thesis defense. All the MSD requirements may be completed during the program but no later than one year from the candidate’s program completion date.

Master of Science (MS) degree track in Physiology or Pharmacology

In an effort to develop dentist-educators, a separate (optional) program is available for study leading to a Master of Science (MS) degree in physiology or pharmacology. Acceptance into the MS degree program would begin following completion of the certificate program.

Koppel Special Care Dentistry Center
Koppel Special Care Dentistry Center.
Recovery room in the KSCDC
Recovery room in the Koppel Special Care Dentistry Center.

Application and Admission Process

Loma Linda University Application - Applicants for the Dental Anesthesiology Program must complete a direct Loma Linda University application. LLU online application

Postdoctoral Application Support Service (PASS) - The Advanced Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology participates in the PASS application service of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) allowing applicants to apply to multiple participating institutions using one standardized format. PASS application

The Postdoctoral Dental Matching Program (Match) - The Advanced Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology also participates in the Match program to help identify and "match" the preferences of applicants and the advanced education program a using rank order list of the applicants and the program. http://www.natmatch.com/dentres

Electronic application submission - The application process must be completed online and only applications with all the required official supporting documents will be reviewed for admission. Online application

Advisory to Applicants: To ensure prompt posting of your required supporting documents, complete your application before you request transcripts and test scores.

Invitation to interview - All complete applications that meet the minimum admissions requirements are reviewed (refer to Admissions Requirements below). The top candidates are invited for an interview by a selection committee composed of department faculty and outside faculty/administrators and chaired by the program director. The candidates are ranked in two categories: 1) nominations for admission and 2) nominations as alternates.

Admissions Decisions - The program director presents the rank order for admission for discussion and approval by the Graduate Admissions Committee. That rank order is then submitted to the Match Program. Applicants and programs will receive the results of the "Match" directly from the Match Program.

Acceptance - Candidates are offered acceptance through Match. Those candidates are then required to submit a signed letter acknowledging their acceptance in to the program to the Associate Dean for Advanced Dental Education. Upon receipt of their letter confirming acceptance, the applicants will be entered into the University system to register for courses.

Background check - Accepted students must complete a background check in order to register and begin the program.

Health Clearance Information and CPR Training for Incoming Graduate Students and Residents - All individuals accepted into an Advanced Education Program must receive a health clearance from Student Health Service before they are permitted to start their program. A health clearance includes passing a PPD (tuberculosis), Hepatitis B, and MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) test. In addition, all incoming graduate students/residents also must undergo Health Care Provider CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) training and obtain certification prior to or during the start of their program.

How to obtain information regarding policies on blood-borne and infectious diseases:
Federal OSHA (www.osha.gov) In search menu type: Bloodborne Pathogens 1910.1030
State Cal/OSHA (www.dir.ca.gov) In search menu type: Bloodborne Pathogens Standards 5193

Admissions Requirements

The following information and documentation are required for all applications to the Dental Anesthesiology Program:

1. Transcript(s) - from all post-secondary institutions from which the applicant received credit whether or not the work pertains to their LLU degree. Only official transcript(s) will be accepted. An official transcript is one that is submitted directly from the school, college, or university to Loma Linda University. Transcripts that are hand-carried or mailed by an applicant, even if in a sealed envelope, cannot be considered official and will be recorded as still missing. Transcripts should be mailed directly to: Admissions Processing,11139 Anderson Street, Loma Linda, CA 92350.

Applicants who have transcripts from non-US dental schools must submit a translated course-by-course transcript report from one of the following agencies (See International Transcript Information):

  1. World Education Services (WES) *
  2. American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO)
  3. Educational Credential Evaluators, Inc (ECE)
  4. American Education Research Corporation (AERC)

* If ordering an evaluation from WES, the applicant should select Loma Linda University from the drop-down list of recipient institutions as opposed to writing in an address. LLU does not need the additional ICAP service from WES. If their WES report is only for LLU the applicant should order the basic (non-ICAP) course-by-course report. The electronic WES report to LLU will already include copies of the evaluated documents; however these document copies are not the Official transcripts/mark sheets that LLU requires to be sent directly from the issuing institution.

2. Official Degree Certificate (for all international applicants) - Any foreign transcript (or mark sheet) that does not list on it the graduation information, including the actual degree earned, must be supported by an official degree certificate or school-verified copy of the degree certificate mailed directly from the issuing institution to Admissions Processing, Loma Linda University.

Applicants who are uncertain as to whether or not their transcript lists graduation information and degree earned should contact their school before requesting a separate degree certificate.

3. GPA - A cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 3.0 or higher

4. National Board Dental Examination (NBDE) - Successful completion of the National Board Dental Examination Part I and Part II (when available) is required for all applicants. Please allow plenty of time for NBDE score report requests to be processed by the ADA. We cannot accept NBDE scores reported in a Dean's letter as an official report of test results. Request NBDE scores

5. English Proficiency Exam - Regardless of nationality or citizenship, an applicant whose native language is not English or whose secondary education has been given outside the U.S. is required to pass one of the following English proficiency tests:

  1. TOEFL scores are valid for two years from the test date. The institution code for Loma Linda University is 4062. TOEFL minimum scores are: 80 - Internet-based test , 550 - Paper-based test, including a minimum final score of 5.0 on the TWE part (Test of Written English)
  2. IELTS scores are valid for two years from the test date. LLU minimum score is 6.5
  3. MELAB LLU minimum score is 77

6. Letters of recommendation - Three letters of recommendation from individuals who have known and worked closely with the candidate are required in support of an application. Letters of recommendation are valid for no more than two consecutive years for the same program. Letters of recommendation also must be program specific (ie, support an applicant for the actual program to which he/she is applying). Electronic notifications to the recommenders are sent out after submitting the online application. Alternatively, an applicant applying to the program through PASS may use their Personal Potential Index (PPI) evaluation report, Professional Evaluation Forms (PEF), and Institutional Evaluation Form (IEF) for their LLU application as well. Applicants who would like to use their PASS letters of recommendation should leave the recommendation section of their LLU online application blank and after submitting the application, the PPI evaluations will be matched up.

7. Curriculum Vitae - Applicants must include their curriculum vitae sent electronically with the online application or mailed directly to the Office of Advanced Dental Education.

8. Dental License - All applicants to the Advanced Education Program in Dental Anesthesiology who are not currently enrolled in a U.S. or Canadian dental school must have a current U.S. or Canadian dental license.

Important Instructions for the Transmittal of Official Documents

All official documents must be mailed from the issuing institutions. Applicants must not mail originals or official copies of transcripts, GRE scores, National Dental Board scores, and TOEFL scores themselves.

An application is not considered complete until all required supporting documents have been received. Only completed applications go to committee for consideration. This policy holds true for both U.S. and non-U.S. applicants. So please apply early.

Tuition and Fees

Tuition and fees are paid for by the program. Residents receive an annual stipend of $30,000 per year.

Dr. Larry Trapp
Dr. Larry Trapp (Program Director).

Required courses for Dental Anesthesiology can be found in the University Catalog.


Study may extend beyond 24 months for those pursuing a Masters Track.